Overview of Functions in EQuIS

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Overview of Functions in EQuIS

Functions can be used in numerous ways to manipulate or transform data, and many functions can be used in combination with others to generate simple or complex formulas. This chapter describes in detail the different functions available in EQuIS Collect and EQuIS Link.


Functions are designated as either Standard or Aggregate, which are defined as:

Standard Functions process data within specified parameters from the current row within the data source.

Aggregate Functions process data of the specified parameters from all possible combinations of rows, including the current row, in all used tables within the formula. Aggregate functions iterate over all rows in the tables used, which can require much processing and adversely impact performance. Therefore, it is recommended that they be used only when absolutely necessary.


The functions are grouped by their type and include:

Boolean – These functions are used to evaluate and return one of two possible values, denoted as True and False.

Conditional – Conditional functions evaluate a given condition, or set of conditions, and determine if the specified parameters meet the conditions and return a Boolean response of True or False. These functions work with all data types, unless otherwise noted.

Conversion – Conversion functions involve the process of changing a value from one data type to another data type. The functions are only able to compute integer and decimal data.

Math – The math data type includes trigonometric functions, logarithmic functions, and other common mathematical functions. Math functions perform mathematical calculations and are only able to compute integer and decimal data.

String – A string data type is comprised of a set of characters that can also contain spaces and numbers. These functions are only able to compute string field data.

Time – Time functions allow for control of temporal parameters.

Other – The other group contains additional unique functions.



For each function, the following elements are provided:

Function name

A description of the function, including possible return values

Syntax to use in the formula builder (shown in italics)

Delineation as a standard or aggregate function




Note: Within the function syntax denotation, all parameters (Parameter, Numeric Parameter, String Parameter, DateTime Parameter, Optional Parameter) can be a value, function, or constant. Optional Parameters are denoted by { } and may be listed with a descriptor or as Numeric, String, or Boolean.